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Kino Jr. High Media Center Orientation   Tags: kino, library, orientation, reference, shumway  

Last Updated: Sep 22, 2010 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Citation Help Print Page

Citation Manuals at the library

Click on the titles of these style manuals to find them in the library catalog.



The following pages contain entries that are a representation of the most commonly used source citations.  Please consult a MLA Handbook 7th Edition for a more complete list.


One Author

v      Book with One Author or Editor


Author's Last Name, First Name.  Title.  City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.  Medium of Publication.


Bronte, Emily.  Wuthering Heights.  Boston: St. Martin's Press, 1992.  Print.



Get Help with Citations

Remember, when doing research you need to give credit to the person or people that came up with the idea or discovered the information that you are using.  Use this link to get citation help online or ask a librarian for help.  Better safe than sorry!


Works Cited/Works Consulted - (MLA Format)

Works Cited/Works Consulted - (MLA Format)


The key to a correct bibliography/works cited/works consulted is following directions EXACTLY.  That means putting the commas and periods in the right place.  The correct title choices are Works Cited, every document included on the page has been cited in the essay/report; Works Consulted, only some of the works are cited, but there are additional ones you used (even if only for background information); Bibliography, only used books.  Regardless, if you use information from a source, you must give proper credit in your writing.


General Rules


1.            Alphabetize your list by author’s or editor’s last name.


2.            If there is no author given for your book or article, use the first main word of the article or book title for alphabetizing.


3.            Begin the first line of your entry flush with the left margin.  Indent second, third, etc., lines of each entry.   A standard indention is 5 spaces.


4.            Double- space entire page when typing.


5.            Abbreviate all months except May, June and July.


6.             Write dates in this fashion: number month year.  For example, 19 Feb. 1972.


7.             Entries generally have three parts: author, title and publication information.  Each division is generally followed by a period (and two spaces if typing).


8.             If several cities of publication are provided, use the one listed first.  If two or more copyright dates are listed, use the most current.


9.             If a source is on continuous pages, list the pages from first page-last page (EX: 12-22).  If the source is on non-continuous pages, just list the first page and a + sign (EX: 12+).


10.     Omit titles, degrees, and affiliations that generally precede or follow names (like Dr. or  Ph.D.).


11.     Place suffixes--like Jr. or Roman numerals--after given names, preceded by a comma.  For example:  Rockefeller, John D., IV.  or  Rust,  Arthur George, Jr.


12.     If a newspaper does not have the city of publication in the title, add the city in square brackets if it is well known. EX: [Phoenix]  If the city is not well known, add the city and the state in square brackets. EX:  [Heber, AZ]


13.     The following abbreviations are necessary when the information is unavailable:no pages available: n. pag., no date available: n. d.,  no publisher: n. p.




More Than One

v      Book with Two or Three Authors or Editors


First Author’s Last Name, First Name, Second Author’s First Name Last Name, and Third Author’s First Name Last Name.  Title.  Place of Publication: Publisher, Date.  Medium of Publication. 


Blocker, Clyde E., Robert H. Plummer, and Richard C. Richardson, Jr.  The Two-Year College.  Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice Hall, 1965.  Print.

O’Brien, Tim, and Susie Lowell.  Life in Vietnam.  New York: Random House, 2004.  Print.

NOTE:  If there is an editor instead of an author put ed. after the name of the editor.


v      Book with More Than Three Authors


Use the same format as with a book with two or three authors or use the following:


First Author’s Last Name, First Name, et al.  Title.  Place of Publication: Publisher, date. 


Medium of Publication.


Gilman, Sander, et al.  Hysteria Beyond Freud.  Berkeley:  U of California Press, 1993.  Print.



v      An Anthology or a Compilation


Editor’s or Compiler’s Last Name, First Name, function.  Title.  Place of Publication:  Publisher, Date.  Medium of Print.

Davis, Anita Price, comp.  North Carolina during the Great Depression:  A Documentary Portrait of a Decade.  Jefferson:  McFarland, 2003.  Print.

Note:  Abbreviations for functions are as follows:   Editor-ed., Compiler-comp., and Translator-trans.

v      A Chapter in a Book or a Work in an Anthology


Author's Last Name, First Name.  "Title of the Chapter or Selection You're Citing."  Title of Book.  Ed. Editor's Name.  Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.  Pages.  Medium of Publication.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel.  "Rappaccini's Daughter."  Classic Stories from Around the World.  Ed. Geraldine McCaughrean.  London: The Guernsey Press, 1996.  319-344.  Print.


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