ApartheidRugbyNelson MandelaFran├žois PienaarWilliam HenleySouth Africa
This is the "Invictus" page of the "Invictus: Poetry and Apartheid" guide.
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Invictus: Poetry and Apartheid   Tags: apartheid, invictus, poetry, poetry_apartheid  

Students will research different aspects of apartheid and South Africa to analyze and to write a poem.
Last Updated: Aug 19, 2010 URL: http://libguides.mpsaz.net/invictuspoetryandapartheid Print Guide RSS Updates

Invictus Print Page

Vocabulary and Resources

Do this on the paper with the poem questions. One paper for your group with all the members' names. Define the following:

1. bludgeon
2. wrath
3. menace
4. clutch



by William Henley

1   Out of the night that covers me,
     Black as the Pit from pole to pole,
     I thank whatever gods may be
     For my unconquerable soul.

5   In the fell clutch of circumstance
     I have not winced nor cried aloud.
     Under the bludgeonings of chance
     My head is bloody, but unbowed.

9   Beyond this place of wrath and tears
     Looms but the Horror of the shade,
     And yet the menace of the years
     Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.

13 It matters not how strait the gate,
     How charged with punishments the scroll.
     I am the master of my fate:
     I am the captain of my soul.



Do this in your groups. Turn in one paper with all of your names. Answer the following questions about "Invictus":

1. What does invictus mean? (Hint: It is a Latin word.)
2. What type of poem is "Invictus"?
3. What is the rhyme scheme for "Invictus"?
4. What figurative language device is used in line 16? Explain what it means.
5. In one sentence, explain the overall meaning of the poem.
6. William Henley was handicapped from tuberculosis. How does this poem relate to this handicap?


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