by William Henley
1 Out of the night that covers me,
Black as the Pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods may be
For my unconquerable soul.
5 In the fell clutch of circumstance
I have not winced nor cried aloud.
Under the bludgeonings of chance
My head is bloody, but unbowed.
9 Beyond this place of wrath and tears
Looms but the Horror of the shade,
And yet the menace of the years
Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.
13 It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishments the scroll.
I am the master of my fate:
I am the captain of my soul.
Do this in your groups. Turn in one paper with all of your names. Answer the following questions about "Invictus":
1. What does invictus mean? (Hint: It is a Latin word.)
2. What type of poem is "Invictus"?
3. What is the rhyme scheme for "Invictus"?
4. What figurative language device is used in line 16? Explain what it means.
5. In one sentence, explain the overall meaning of the poem.
6. William Henley was handicapped from tuberculosis. How does this poem relate to this handicap?