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Bless Me, Ultima   Tags: bless me ultima, carrasco, rudolfo anaya  

"I believe that every writer needs a guide, because writing is an exploration and exploration is not only for me, it is for the reader." - Rudolfo Anaya
Last Updated: Aug 9, 2011 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Chapters 21-22 Print Page

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Bless Me, Ultima


Exploring Theme

Themes are the central, recurring subjects of a novel. As characters grapple with circumstances such as racism, class, or unrequited love, profound questions will arise in the reader’s mind about human life, social pressures,and societal expectations. Classic themes include intellectual freedom versus censorship, the relationship between one’s personal moral code and larger political justice, and spiritual faith versus rational considerations. A novel often reconsiders these age-old debates by presenting them in new contexts or from new points of view.


Assignment #20

Using references to support ideas, write one to two paragraphs expressing your thoughts about what Bless Me, Ultima suggests about the following:

 Innocence and Knowledge

Antonio wonders about the nature of innocence, and how knowledge affects it. He recognizes that knowledge is a form of power:

I wondered if the knowledge I sought would destroy me. But it couldn’t, it was God’s knowledge— Did we ask too much when we asked to share His knowledge?

 Is it better to be innocent or to have knowledge, if comprehension of death, misery, revenge, and anger leads to pain? Is ignorance bliss, or is it misery?


Antonio is powerfully affected by the natural landscape. His emotions are linked to the sky and the weather, a poetic technique known as pathetic fallacy.  What do certain symbols in nature (the river, the juniper tree, and the farm) suggest about our relation to the natural world? Does nature seem like a cruel, benevolent, or indifferent force? How does respect or irreverence for nature contribute to human feelings, and how does this emerge in the story?

Language and Identity

Why does Antonio believe that words are magic? What roles do curses, vows, confessions, and prayers play in the lives of these characters, and in our ability to cope with suffering? How does language provide comic relief, as in the Christmas play? What does the novel’s use of Spanish help us to understand about the characters, and Antonio’s identity among them?

Assignment #21

After completing the novel, Chapters Veintiuno and Veintidós (20-21). Where does the end of the novel leave Antonio? What has he learned? How has he grown older or wiser through the course of these events? Predict what he will choose for his future - priest, curandero or something else?  Write a five-paragraph essay.

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Guadalupe Carrasco-Villalpando
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