Instructional Changes:Basic Understandings The Concepts for Shaping Instruction Adjustments, Adaptations, Differentiation
Instructional Changes:Basic Understandings
The Concepts for Shaping Instruction
Adjustments, Adaptations, Differentiation
Umbrella terms for describing any of the supports and services a student receives in order to be successful in a general education environment. Accommodations might include materials, people, equipment, location, and so on. Many students need this type of support to enhance their learning.
Significant changes made to the curriculum that enable a student to be successful in a general education environment are called modifications. It is important to realize that modifications pertain to changing curricular objectives; the concept is not essential for considering accommodations made in students’ daily work. Although modifications can include a change in sequence (for example, the order in which math facts are taught) or the addition of curriculum (for example, instruction in Braille for students with vision impairments), more commonly they to pertain to significant reductions in the traditional curriculum (for example, eliminating all but four of the 15 vocabulary words because only those four seem to have life application for the student in question).
Accommodations are instructional tools that enable a student with special needs to more readily access curricular content or to more easily demonstrate understanding of that content. Many students use accommodations, whether they have identified disabilities or not. One simple example of an accommodation is using a calculator during math instruction because basic facts are not known and this interferes with the new learning. In most cases, adaptations do not require considering changing a student’s grading scale.
Strategies are techniques, principles, or rules that enable students to learn to solve problems, learn more effectively and efficiently, and complete tasks independently. Many students with mild to moderate disabilities learn strategies that enable them to succeed in the general education curriculum.
This page is intended to offer several methods to collect data on student behavior and goals. All of these forms should be used collaboratively with the team to ensure student success. Additionally, you will find some, such as the IEP at a Glance, which is a means to convey pertinent information regarding a student/IEP to the general education staff the student will encounter throughout the course of the day. Please be sure student information is provided to only those who need it.
Please check back often as I will continue to expand the list of forms available. In like, if you have something you would like to share, email it to me as we all benefit from each other's expertise.