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This is the "Volleyball" page of the "Westwood Physical Education" guide.
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Guide to IB Physical Education Class
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Volleyball Print Page
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Vocabulary

Volleyball Vocabulary

Serve

Setting

Passing

Hitting

Sideout

Rally Score

Foot Fault

Volley

Ready Position

Double Hit

 

 

 

Olympic Games

The 2012 Summer Olympic Games are in London, England

 

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Assessments

 

History

"Volleyball." Encyclopedia. Today’s Science. Facts On File News Services, n.d. Web. 7 June 2011. http://www.2facts.com/article/xvo037400a.

Volleyball was invented in 1895 as a recreational pastime by the American physical education director of the Young Men's Christian Association William G. Morgan (1870-1942), in Holyoke, Mass. His game, which he originally called Mintonette, quickly became popular, not only in the U.S. but also around the world.

In 1922 the first national volleyball championships were held in the U.S., and in 1928 the U.S. Volleyball Association was formed. The International Volleyball Federation was organized in 1947 and is now the largest international sports governing body in the world. Volleyball was included in the Pan-American Games in 1955 and was included in the Olympic Games in 1964 in Tokyo.

Strategy

"Volleyball." Encyclopedia. Today’s Science. Facts On File News Services, n.d. Web. 7 June 2011. <http://www.2facts.com/article/xvo037400a>.

 

A vital part of volleyball offense is the so-called spike, a powerful smash over the net. To spike the ball a player must jump high in the air, using good timing in punching the ball to place it so that it is virtually impossible to return. Players in back positions may spike only from behind the 10-ft (3.05-m) spiking line. A ball that is well placed, high, and near the net for a teammate to spike it, is called a setup. A tip, or placement, is a lightly hit ball deflected or dropped into the court of the opponents and is used by a spiker to surprise opposing blockers when they anticipate a spike.

Net recovery is permissible; that is, a ball that has been played into the net on the first or second hit may be kept in play, as long as one player does not hit the ball twice in succession. A ball that hits near the top of the net will usually drop swiftly to the floor, but a ball that hits near the bottom of the net will usually spring back and therefore can be recovered.

Defensively, single or multiple blocks are sometimes employed in volleyball. In such a defense one or more forward players jump up on their side of the net, with hands and arms placed in front of an attacking spiker, to hit back the spiked ball or deflect it to a teammate who can then return it across the net.

A number of skills contribute to successful team play. One of these is accurate service, optimally to a weak spot on the opposing side, delivered either with speed or as a deceptive floater, that is, a ball that seems to wobble and slip uncertainly in the air. Control is likewise important in receiving the service, in recovering a spike, and in deflecting the ball accurately to fellow team members. Generally speaking, volleyball teamwork is developed by players working together, each learning intuitively what the others are going to do or can do, and practicing various patterns of play.

 

Rules of game

The six players on a volleyball team include three forwards, who stand near the net, and three backs. The server starting the game stands behind the right third of the rear line, serving over the net into the court of the opponents by tossing the ball into the air and striking it with the hand or fist. Only one attempt is allowed on the serve. By hitting the ball back and forth over the net, with the hands, fists, forearms, head, or any part of the body above the waist, play is continued until one team fails to keep the ball in play, that is, in the air, or until a rule violation is committed. The ball must be returned over the net by a side after no more than three hits, and no player may hit the ball twice in succession. The return over the net must be done without catching, holding, or carrying the ball, without the player touching the net, and without entering the opponent's area. A point may be scored only by the team that is serving; a player continues to serve as long as his or her team continues to score points, the service privilege then shifting to the opposing team. On a service shift, all members of the new serving team immediately rotate, moving clockwise one position, with the player who was in the right-forward position moving into the right-back, or serving, position.

"Volleyball." Encyclopedia. Today’s Science. Facts On File News Services, n.d. Web. 7 June 2011. <http://www.2facts.com/article/xvo037400a>.

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