How to Deliver a GREAT Speech!
1. USE NOTES
Databases contain articles and information collected from books, encyclopedias, magazines, websites, newcasts and other information formats. Databases offer current, accurate, unbiased, reviewed information. Most databases give citation information in MLA format and others. There are two important database types -- article and subject.
Article databases (also called periodical databases) include the citations, abstracts or brief summaries, and full text articles from magazines, journals and newspapers. An example of an article database that is available through the Library Resource website is EBSCO.
Subject Oriented Databases
Rather than build one massive, centralized database, most companies are building numerous subject-oriented databases. Examples of subject databases available through the Library Resource website are Facts on File, American History Online, or Science Online.
*Note: All Mesa Public Schools databases are available through the Library Resources web site.
Databases available through MPS:
Tips For Evaluating Resources
Accurate, current, and appropriate information are valuable commodities. Be a discriminate consumer of information! If you are not confident that the information you have retrieved is the best information for your purpose, ask a librarian for assistance.
When evaluating information ask yourself . . .
Who is the author?
What type of information is given about the author? Position, Organizational affliliation, contact information?
Is he/she an expert?
Who is the publisher? Are they reputable?
Does the information presented seem accurate? Are the facts verifiable?
Does the author cite the sources of information used in the document? Are those sources verifiable?
Is this fact or opinion?
Is the information biased in any way?
What kind of sites does this one link to?
Who is the intended audience? Determine the aim of the author or organization publishing the site.
Is it an advertisement for a product or service?
Is it for political purposes? Is it trying to sway public opinion on a social issue?
Is the information up to date?
Is the information current enough for your research?
Has the information been updated? Are the resources used and information provided by the author current?
Is the information relevant to your research?
Would you quote information from this source?
How to Quote a Source Within Your Text
Basic in-text citation rules
In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what is known as parenthetical citation. This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.
In-text citations: Author-page style
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example:
Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
Both citations in the examples above, (263) and (Wordsworth 263), tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information:
Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford U.P., 1967. Print.
For more specific information, visit the Purdue OWL: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/2/