This is the "Step 4, Formulation" page of the "Information Search Process" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Information Search Process   Tags: information_search, research, search_process  

A guide to research for students.
Last Updated: Oct 19, 2009 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Step 4, Formulation Print Page


  • Spider Map
    Graphic organizer to help organize the research and focus on the the topic.
  • Describing Wheel
    Graphic organizer to help with focusing on a topic.
  • ISP Chart
    Chart that would be useful in the formulating information step of the information search process.

Step 4


The task is to form a focus from the information gathered. Step 4 is the turning point in ISP because feelings of uncertainty go away and confidence grows. During the formulation stage, the researcher generally becomes more focused on the topic and the research and product of it become more personalized. Uncertainty will decrease as knowledge increases.

Stage 4 -- Focus Formulation
Task Thoughts Feelings Actions Strategies
To formulate a focus from the information encountered

Predicting outcome of possible foci

Using criteria of personal interest, requirements of assignment, availability of materials, and time allotted

Identifying ideas in information from which to formulate focus

Sometimes characterized by a sudden moment of insight


Confidence in ability to complete task

Reading notes for themes

Making a survey of notes

Listing possible foci

Choosing a particular focus while discarding others, or

Combining several themes to form one focus

Resource Center Specialist

Profile Image
Deb Faysak
Contact Info
Resource Center Specialist
Sousa Elementary School
Mesa Public Schools
Send Email

Resource Center Specialist

Profile Image
Barb Nelson
Contact Info
Porter Library Resource Center
1350 S. Lindsay Mesa Arizona 85204
Send Email

Resource Center Specialist

Profile Image
Karen Mountford
Contact Info
Edison Library Resource Center
545 N. Horne, Mesa, Arizona 85203
Send Email

Loading  Loading...